Recommended Reading

Here is a list of sources that I use for my research.

Asbridge, Thomas. The Crusades: The Authoritative History of The War For The Holy Land. New York; Ecco, 2011.

Barber, Malcolm. The Crusader States. New Haven and London; Yale University Press, 2012.

Barber, Richard. The Knight and Chivalry. Revised Edition. The Boydell Press, 1995

Bartlett, W.B. Downfall of the Crusader Kingdom: The Battle of Hattin and the Loss of Jerusalem. Gloucestershire; The History Press, 2010.

Gies, Frances. The Knight in History. HarperCollins e-books, originally published in 1984

Haag, Michael. The Templars: The History and the Myth. New York; London; Toronto; Sydney; HarperCollins, 2009.

Hindley, Geoffrey. A Brief History of The Crusades. London; Constable & Robinson Ltd, 2003

Hindley, Geoffrey. Medieval Sieges and Siegecraft. New York; Skyhorse Publishing, 2009

Jotischky, Andrew. Crusading and The Crusader States. London/New York; Routledge, 2013

Krey, August C. The First Crusade: The Accounts of Eye-Witnesss and Participants. Princeton; Princeton University Press, 1921

Paine, Michael. The Crusades. Vermont; Pocket Essentials, 2005

Phillips, Jonathan. Holy Warriors: A Modern History of the Crusades. New York; Random House, 2009

Tyreman, Christopher. God’s War: A New History of the Crusades. New York; Penguin, 2009.

Tyreman, Christopher. The Crusades. New York/London; Sterling, 2007

Stark, Rodney. God’s Battalions: The Case for the Crusades. HarperCollins e-books, 2009.

Weidenkopf, Steve. The Glory of the Crusades. El Cajon, California; Catholic Answers, 2014

Other Sources

Alexius I Comnenus: Byzantine Emperor:

Pope Urban’s Speech at Clermont:

Stewart, Chris and Ted Stewart. 7 Tipping Points That Saved the World. Shadow Mountain; Salt Lake City, 2011.

The Battle of Manzikert (1071 A.D.):

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